This biodiversity includes a high percentage of endemic plants and animals. The high level of endemism means that for many species, the responsibility for their continued existence is solely up to us. This list includes terrestrial mammals and marine mammals and marine reptiles only. Additional native species were identified and added based on their presence on the following lists:
Breaking that down furtherthe IUCN had the following numbers and percentages of primates that fell into their Red List classification for species that are deemed Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered: For example, mountain gorillas are a species of gorilla, and mountain gorilla numbers are incredibly low, approximatelyaccording to the International Gorilla Conservation Program.
Gorillas have often been stereotypes as aggressive, yet they are almost the opposite, and as this following award-winning video shows, there is much in their gentle and peaceful nature that humans can relate to. The source comes from a type of chimpanzee that is immune to the virus.
Also hunting of these and other animals is on the increase in the forest. All these factors are preventing further studies of the possible cures for AIDS. Back to top New species still being found; makes conservation more important As reported by University of California, Berkeley, using DNA comparisons, scientists have discovered what they have termed an evolutionary concept called parallelism, a situation where two organisms independently come up with the same adaptation to a particular environment.
This has an additional ramification when it comes to protecting biodiversity and endangered species. This is because in the past what we may have considered to be one species could actually be many.
But, as pointed out by scientists, by putting them all in one group, it under-represents biodiversity, and these different evolutionarily species would not get the protection otherwise needed.
An example of this can be seen with the African elephant, where forest dwelling species are found to be different species to the ones found in the savannahs, as reported by the Telegraph newspaper. As the article also points out, Instead of assuming thatelephants exist in Africa, it now seems that there are many fewer of each kind, and they are both much more endangered than we presumedsaid Dr Georgiadis [of the Mpala Research Centre in Kenya.
In Decembera new species of monkey was discovered in India. These remarkable finds shows that there is still much to discover and learn about biodiversity in general. In Februaryscientists revealed that they had discovered hundreds of new species in a remote mountain rainforest region of western New Guinea.
These species included birds, frogs, butterflies, palm trees, and many other plants yet to be classified. Other animals such as tree kangaroos, wallabies, and anteaters—all extremely rare elsewhere—were also found.
In addition, scientists noticed that many of the animals were not afraid of humans, and some were even easily picked up, suggesting they had generally not encountered humans before. In MarchScientific American reported that in Laos, a rodent, believed to have been extict for 11 million years, was found alive and so provides a compelling argument for preservation efforts in Southeast Asia.
In DecemberWWF released a report noting that over new species have been discovered in the Greater Mekong Region of Southeast Asia in just the last decade from to The species include plants, fish, 88 frogs, 88 spiders, 46 lizards, 22 snakes, 15 mammals, 4 birds, 4 turtles, 2 salamanders and a toad.
Images of some of the species were also published: Conservation, protecting and preserving is therefore more about the species in question; it requires the protection of their habitat too, which in turn helps many other species in those same areas.
Back to top Sustainable Development and Conservation The factors described above that affect AIDS research also highlights a deeper aspect of other related issues affecting conservation. Efforts to move towards sustainable development and conservation efforts are therefore beginning to be based on the understanding that issues such as poverty need to be addressed, to provide people with alternatives.
Poverty and Conservation; Need to address root causes Image source: The documentary also explored the inter-relationship and challenges between Commercial logging Increased bushmeat consumption, and How poachers fared when offered sustainable development as an alternative to hunting The documentary highlighted that while in the wealthier parts of the world we see conservation as desirable and easily recognize the importance and urgency of protecting the rapidly declining numbers of the great apes, what is less recognized are the complex multitude of causes, of which the wealthy world also plays a negative part.
In effect, it has been easier to blame others and almost ignoring our own impacts. That is, as well as hunting for bushmeat leading to concerns about dwindling numbers of animals, the causes of the increase in bushmeat consumption need understanding.
For example, in small villages on the frontiers of the forest, individual bushmeat consumption has been part of local customs for a long time, as there are no domesticated animals, and the forest has been the source of survival for villagers, for most of their requirements.
However, increased poverty in nations such as Cameroon has forced more villagers to the bigger cities to look for work. This has brought the custom of bushmeat consumption to a larger population, thus increasing demand for it.
Bushmeat hunting is more profitable than other options, even though some hunters pointed out that if there were other options, they would not hunt. Occasionally, illegal logging and commercial logging company employees such as truckers have also been involved in illegal trading of bushmeat.
Sustainable development alternatives have been attempted. For example, projects have promoted the protection of the apes, rather than hunting. This has been through encouraging and provide real incentives for hunters themselves to protect the apes. A focus has been to attract tourists, who would be willing to pay to see these animals in the wild, thus sustaining the people and paying for conservation and other measures.
Hopetoun falls, Australia; an example of trying to preserve nature while allowing tourism. Wikipedia Although this approach has proven successful in other places, it is unfortunately not always guaranteed to work.
The documentary followed some former-hunters who were attracted to the idea, but also highlighted the difficulties in this. Causes of poverty were still not being addressed, so it was hard for people to go for alternatives.
To pay former hunters, the projects of course needed proof that these people were indeed attempting to find the apes and allow those apes to slowly get familiar and accustomed to humans, so that tourists could eventually be guided in.Habitat Conservation Plans Under the Endangered Species Act Congress answered this question in the introduction to the Endangered Species Act of (Act), recognizing that endangered and threatened species of wildlife and plants “are of esthetic, ecological, permit-holders pledge to honor their conservation commitments.
Are. This text combines theory and applied and basic research to explain the connections between conservation biology and ecology, climate change biology, the protection of endangered species, protected area management, environmental economics, and sustainable development. small-scale bait station grids in combination with rat traps for the protection of one endangered forest bird species, 5 species of endangered Oahu tree snails, and 9 species of endangered plants in 2 mountain ranges on the island of Oahu.
CONSERVATION METHODS OF ENDANGERED SPECIES GUNDU, E. G. and ADIA, J.E INTRODUCTION According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), an adequate preservation and conservation of such species and their habitat is necessary. conservation. Introduction Steven J.
Bograd1,*, Barbara A. Block2, Daniel P. Costa3, effective management of marine ecosystems and con-servation of top predator populations (Block et al. , equivalent to industry standards for environmental. Endangered Species Research. Management of threatened and endangered species would seem to be a perfect context for adaptive management.
Many of the decisions are recurrent and plagued by uncertainty, exactly the conditions.