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The Provisional Government was dominated mainly by liberals and moderate socialists who wanted to instigate political reform, creating a democracy with elections for an executive and a constituent assembly. After the February Revolution Lenin sought to return to Russia as soon as possible.
This was problematic because he was isolated in neutral Switzerland as World War I continued to be fought in neighbouring states. The Swiss communist Fritz Platten managed to negotiate with the German government for the safe passage of Lenin and his company through Germany by rail on the so-called "sealed train.
Once through Germany, Lenin continued by ferry to Swedenand the remainder of the journey through Scandinavia was subsequently arranged by Swedish communists Otto Grimlund and Ture Nerman. In the Theses, Lenin: Asserts that Russia is "passing from the first stage of the revolution —which, owing to the insufficient class consciousness and organization of the proletariatplaced power in the hands of the bourgeoisie—to its second stage, which must place power in the hands of the proletariat and the poorest sections of the peasants.
The organisation of separate Soviets of Deputies of Poor Peasants. Lenin first developed this point in his pamphlet "Socialism and War," when he first called the pro-war social-democrats "social chauvinists.
Effects[ edit ] After the February Revolution, Bolshevik leaders returning from exile such as Lev Kamenev were arguing a much more moderate line, that Russian involvement in the war could be justified and that there should be cooperation with the liberals in the Provisional Government.
Lenin succeeded in persuading the Bolsheviks of his arguments as laid out in the April Theses and they provided much of the ideological groundwork that later led to the October Revolution.Lenin speaking in Petrograd in April When Lenin returned to Russia on 3rd April, , he announced what became known as the April Theses.
As he left the railway station Lenin was lifted on to one of the armoured . Lenin returned to Russia on a sealed train provided by the Germans, who were hoping his defeatist views would undermine the Russian war effort.
He arrived in Petrograd on 3 April with a ten-point programme - his April Theses - for a second revolution based on giving power to the Soviets. April Theses, Russian Aprelskiye Tezisy, in Russian history, program developed by Lenin during the Russian Revolution of , calling for Soviet control of state power; the theses, published in April , contributed to the July Days uprising and also to the Bolshevik coup d’etat in October Lecture on the centenary of the Russian Revolution Lenin’s Return to Russia and the April Theses By James Cogan 8 May We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered on Saturday, May.
On April 7, the Bolshevik newspaper Pravdapublished the ideas contained in Lenin’s speeches, which collectively came to be known as the April Theses. From the moment of his return through late October , Lenin worked for a single goal: to place Russia under Bolshevik control as quickly as possible.
(1) Lenin, April Theses, published in leaflet form on 7th April, (1) In our attitude towards the war, which under the new government of Lvov and Co.
unquestionably remains on Russia’s part a predatory imperialist war owing to the capitalist nature of that government, not the slightest concession to “revolutionary defencism” is.