Harriet martineau

In this way she contributed to the advancement of our knowledge about human society. Life Martineau was born on June 12,in Norwich, Englandto a family of Huguenot extraction that professed Unitarian views. The atmosphere of her home was industrious, intellectual, and austere.

Harriet martineau

Works Consulted "Harriet Martineau authored the first systematic methodological treatise in sociology, conducted extended international comparative studies of social institutions, and translated August Comte's Cours de philosophi positive into English, thus structurally facilitating the introduction of sociology and positivism into the United States.

In her youth she was a professional writer who captured the popular English mind by wrapping social scientific instruction in a series of widely read novels. In her maturity she was an astute sociological theorist, methodologist, and analyst of the first order.

To the extent that any complex institutional phenomenon such as sociology can have identifiable founders, Alice Rossijustly celebrates Harriet Martineau as 'the first woman sociologist.

Her parents were Thomas and Elizabeth Rankin Martineau. Thomas was a manufacturer of textiles and an importer of wine in the old cathedral city of Norwich. Norwich was once a distinguished cultural and manufacturing center, but became a casualty of the industrial revolution later in Harriet's life.

Thomas's family was considered one of the first families of Norwich, he belonged to an elite literary circle that included Mrs. Barbauld and Amelia Opie. Thomas was a devout Unitarian, a trait that he passed onto his daughter Harriet. Harriet's mother, Elizabeth was a literate and intelligent woman but had little formal education, making her feel out of place among the cultural elite of Norwich.

Harriet Martineau | yunusemremert.com

Harriet described her mother as a domestic tyrant and believed that her tyrannies stemmed from her perceived social inadequacies. But at the same time, it is true that the frugal efficiency and impersonal nature with which she ran her house was characteristic of the 19th century matriarch.

Elizabeth enforced in Harriet a fearfulness and feelings of self doubt that would take her years to work out. Harriet described childhood overall as a "burdensome experience" written in Household Education No creature is so intensely reserved as a proud and timid child: It hides its miseries under an appearance of indifference or obstinacy, till its habitual terror impairs its health, or drives it into a temper of defiance or recklessness.

I can speak with some certainty of this, from my own experience. I was as timid a child as ever was born. And though Harriet became deaf later in her life she claimed she had no sense of smell or taste, which some have linked to a traumatic event that blocked it out psychologically.

Harriet's mother had turned her over to a wet nurse soon after she was born, which was custom at the time. Martineau that she had all but ceased lactation" Pichanick, 6.

To make up for this neglect, Elizabeth made milk the staple of Harriet's diet, and though she hated it, could not bring herself to complain, When Ellen was born, Harriet said she would " like to observe the growth of a human mind from the very beginning" Pichanick, 5.

Harriet's education was largely at home through self study.

Harriet martineau

She had early exposure to subjects routinely taught only to males. University study was barred to women at the time, but Harriet maintained a regime of intense, self directed investigation throughout her life.

BBC Radio 4 - In Our Time, Harriet Martineau

When Harriet was about 15 years of age, and her deafness worsening, she was sent by her parents to stay with her aunt and uncle.

It was through her uncle that she was introduced to the writings of Locke, Hartley and the principle of sensation. Her uncle was also a minister and reinforced her religious views as a devout Unitarian.

Adulthood During the 's, the Martineau family went into economic decline when Thomas died. Despite the imposing threat of poverty, Harriet felt a sense of freedom in facing the reality of earning her own living.

She was able to escape the confines of a middle class Victorian marriage when her fiance, John Hugh Worthington, had a mental and physical collapse.

She had no relationship after this - stating later that "there is a power of attachment in me that has never been touched. Harriet "successfully supported herself as an author in various forms, including essays, tracts, reviews, novels, journal articles, travelogues, biographies, how-to manuals, newspaper columns, histories, children's stories and sociologically informed non-fiction" Hill, By she had decided that decided to commit herself to the profession, writing: I have determined that my chief subordinate object in life shall henceforth be the cultivation of my intellectual powers, with a view to the instruction of others by my writings.

Harriet martineau

On this determination I pray for the blessing of God I believe myself possessed of no uncommon talents, and of not an atom of genius; but as various circumstances have allowed me to think more accurately than some women, I believe that I may so write on subjects of universal concern as to inform some minds and stir up others To be useful in my day and generation is enough for me.

Pichanick, 31 Harriet's first literary efforts were reverently religious due to her devout Unitarianism. The adoption of Necessarianism by Harriet, however, provided her with the intellectual bridge to a social scientific perspective.Dec 08,  · Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Harriet Martineau who wrote extensively in the C19th on a wide range of subjects including abolition, and is called the .

Harriet Martineau was a prominent British writer and political activist, and one of the earliest Western sociologists and founders of the discipline. "Harriet Martineau authored the first systematic methodological treatise in sociology, conducted extended international comparative studies of social institutions, and translated August Comte's Cours de philosophi positive into English, thus structurally facilitating the introduction of sociology.

Harriet Martineau was a prominent British writer and political activist, and one of the earliest Western sociologists and founders of the discipline. The sixth of eight children, Harriet Martineau was born in Norwich, England, where her father Thomas was a textile manufacturer.A highly respected Unitarian, he was also deacon of the Octagon Chapel, Norwich from Harriet's mother was the daughter of a sugar refiner and grocer.

Harriet Martineau: Harriet Martineau, essayist, novelist, journalist, and economic and historical writer who was prominent among English intellectuals of her time. Perhaps her most scholarly work is The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte, Freely Translated and Condensed, 2 .

Harriet Martineau | British author | yunusemremert.com